Gabala, a unique town on the slopes of the Greater Caucasus Range, is famous for its rare combination of beautiful mountain landscapes, historical monuments and a lot of tourist attractions.
Gabala is a small city located 220 km away from Baku on the territory of Shaki-Zagatala administrative district zone, in the northwest part of Azerbaijan on the border of Dagestan and Georgia. Gabala town is the administrative center of the district. The population is less than 13 thousand people. The ethnic composition of the city is very diverse and international and consists of Azerbaijanis, Lezgins, Udi and representatives of other nationalities. The main religions here are Islam and Christianity.
On the weather conditions of the region surrounding mountains has great extent influence. Climate toward the south is dry and warm in the winter, and in the mountains cold and damp. In the summer there is no sweltering heat and severe frosts in winter. The average temperature in January is -14 ° C, in July + 27-30 ° C. The largest share of precipitation from April to September, but in general they are not so significant, but in the highlands, winter, more snow and rain in the summer. The most optimal period for a trip here is the period from May to October.
Qabala is one of the most ancient cities of Azerbaijan. One of the first mentioned written sources about Kabala dated to the 1 century of the 1st century Greek and Roman (Pliny). Archaeological findings suggest that the city has an ancient history and were inhabited already in times the Late Stone Age.However, the information in ancient sources and archaeological found around the city allow scientists to roughly determine the date of foundation of Kabala around 2000 years old. Throughout its history, Kabala sways between foreign domination and independence. The city was repeatedly attacked, destroyed to the ground and robbed. In this regard, most of the surviving monuments of architecture dates back to the XVI-XIX BB. From the IV century BC The V century BC Cabal was relatively as important political, economic and commercial center. In the 60s BC Roman legion attacked the city, but could not capture it. Azerbaijani city of Gabala, over 600 years it was the center of Caucasian Albania, and then it became part of the state of Shirvanshahs and Sheki khanate, in successive order. In the XVIII century on the territory of Gabala there was little feudal education – Qutqashen Sultanate, which soon became a member of Sheki khanate and managed Naib appointed Sheki Khans.
In the middle of the XIII century as a result of continuous Mongolian invasions the city lost its former importance and the inhabitants gradually abandoned him. The district has a lot of monuments that have survived from ancient times. Mound Kabalaka, capital of the state of Caucasian Albania, is 20 km to the north- east of the city of Gabala. There are only fragments of the majestic fortifications of the ancient city, which is mentioned by Strabo, Pliny and Ptolemy, one of the oldest cities in the country, it is already mentioned in the context at the end of V century B.C T (that is almost 900 years old) was the capital of Azerbaijan – the Caucasian Albania.
Kabala located on the foothills of the Greater Caucasus, on the right bank of the river Damiraparanchaj. It is surrounded by some of the highest peaks of the Caucasus – Bazarduzu, Bazaryurd, Tufanly, rising to a height of almost 4000 meters above sea level. The administrative center of the district is 900 meters above sea level. The northern part of the territory belongs to the southern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains, the central part refers to Alazan-Hafteranskoy Valley, the southern part belongs to Adzhynohurskim mountains. Gabala is totally unique corner of Azerbaijan with extraordinary rich flora and fauna. in the woods and on the mountain pastures can be found noble deer and mountain tours, gazelles, wild boar, gray rabbit, bears, wolves, foxes and numerous birds – pheasants, partridge, francolin, etc. Forest cover most of the territory of the region, where the majority of growing hornbeams, oaks, beeches, junipers, birches, poplars, walnuts, chestnuts and other trees with the average age of over 500 years. Some of them are included in the list of natural monuments protected by the state.
Now Gabala is the center of the north-western region, characterized by a high rate of development and the rapidly changing shape. The economy of the region is mostly agricultural, partially tourist based, with some manufacturing industries, mainly for food preserves, tobacco and silkworm cocoon drying. This area is known for its waterfalls and mountain streams, which are sent to the tourists, indifferent to the beautiful natural scenery, hunting and fishing. An important cultural event in the city became acquired high popularity in recent years, Gabala International Music Festival, which takes place every summer and is going to a lot of fans. The pride of the local people is the local football club, who plays in the highest national league.
Tourism and shopping and culture
Gabala is considered a popular tourist destination due to the combination of a very good spring climate, woods along the mountains and beautiful nature was exploited by the construction of large numbers of hotels and apartments in city. The city contains “Gabaland” amusement park, There are all conditions for recreation and entertainment for children an ice skating rink Gabala has several shopping malls; the most famous city center mall is Gabala Mall. Tufan Dag Ski Complex, one of the biggest mountain resorts in Caucasus located in Gabala Since 2009, city has been home of Gabala International Music Festival, which included performances from classical and jazz performers Here tourists are available for restaurants and hotel services at a high level. Around the mountains covered with forests, it is Funfair, which is unparalleled in the South Caucasus and other tourist facilities in a beautiful corner of nature. The area is also a project for the development of winter tourism. Construct installation for skiing in the mountains and other winter sports. The Gabala are also organized international events. Traditional Gabala International Music Festival was known all over the world. The festival involves prominent musicians, composers and performers.
Qabala Airport is the only airport in the city, serves a number of domestic and international destinations.
The architectural appearance of the city is formed from the mosques, mausoleums, temples and historical monuments, which blend harmoniously with the majestic mountain landscapes and dense green area surrounding modern Gabala. The long history and beautiful landscapes of this region give the regional capital a special charm
Many monuments of history and culture have remained on the territory of the district.
Some of the local beauty: the so called Russian forest, river valleys, the famous chestnut forest, numerous picturesque villages Vyandam, Gyamarvan, Engidzha, mountainous village of Laza where since not long time ago tourists can get even riding a quad bike provided by hotel Gafgaz.
Nidj is a small village located 20 km away from Gabala has also gained fame. There live Udins – the direct descendants of ancient Caucasian Albanians. To get a lot of impressions from the edge of the beautiful natural landscape and unique routes of along wild mountain rivers. is located on the bank of Nohur Lake, 5 km of Gabala-Baku highway. Tours to waterfalls, across the forests and to the historical monuments are available.
In Mirror lakes, fast rivers and waterfalls, ice fountains, emerald forests, mountains, whose peaks are covered with eternal snow. The famous Seven beauties waterfall consists of seven stages. The people believe that if you make a wish and be able to go up to the last – the seventh stage of the waterfall, it is necessarily true.
Gyabyalinsky area with its stunning lake Nohur, with its beautiful high waterfalls, feature fast mountain rivers, cold as ice springs, it has become one of the most important tourist areas of Azerbaijan To get a lot of impressions from the edge of the beautiful natural landscape and unique routes of along wild mountain rivers.
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